50 Years of Antarctic Research Expeditions by the Geographical Survey Institute

Planning Department, Geodetic Department, and Topographic Department


The Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition (JARE) started in conjunction with the International Geophysical Year (IGY) research program implemented from July 1957 to December 1958. From the first Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition (JARE-1) in 1956 to the latest one, JARE-48, the Geographical Survey Institute (GSI) has dispatched a total of 83 survey engineers to conduct geodetic surveys and take aerial photographs for preparing maps of Antarctica. This report summarizes the changes of surveying and mapping technology, and the achievements during the 50 years' history.


1. Introduction
2. History from the initiation of Antarctic expeditions to the present
  2.1 IGY and IPY
  2.2 Participation in Antarctic expeditions
3. Outline of Antarctic expeditions of GSI
  3.1 1st - 6th Expedition
  3.2 7th - 17th Expedition
  3.3 On and after the 18th Expedition
    3.3.1 Mid-term Antarctic expedition plan
    3.3.2 Implementation outline of each observation item
(1) Control point survey
(2) Gravity survey
(3) Geomagnetic survey
(4) Leveling
(5) Continuous GPS observation
(6) GPS survey for measuring movements of ice sheet and detecting crustal movements
(7) VLBI observation
(8) Aerial photography
(9) Mapping
  3.4 Outline of annual expedition
4. Organization of GSI
5. Conclusion


Appendix 1 Mid-Term Plan for the Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition (Extracts related to the Geographical Survey Institute)
Appendix 2 Index maps and lists of maps
Appendix 3 Index maps and lists of color photo maps
Appendix 4 History of JARE conducted by GSI
Appendix 5 Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition